QCVN 01:2021/BXD

National technical regulation on construction planning

Preface

QCVN 01:2019/BXD is prepared by the National Institute for Construction Planning in Rural Areas, approved by the Department of Science Technology and Environment, appraised by the Ministry of Science and Technology and issued by the Ministry of Construction under Circular No. 22/2019/TT-BXD dated December 31, 2019 of Minister of Construction.

QCVN 01:2019/BXD shall replace QCXDVN 01:2008 issued under Decision No. 04/2008/QĐ-BXD dated April 3, 2008 and QCVN 14:2009/BXD issued under Circular No. 32/2009/TT-BXD dated September 10, 2009 of Ministry of Construction.

1. GENERAL PROVISIONS
1.1 Scope

These Regulations prescribe limitation of technical regulations and compulsory management requirements in construction planning in district areas, interdistrict areas, urban planning and rural planning (hereinafter referred to as “urban – rural planning”) including preparation, appraisal, approval, revision of planning, organization of planning and use as the basis for development of national standards and local standards in urban – rural planning. Regarding construction planning for functional areas, in addition to provisions under these Regulations, comply with relevant regulations.

1.2 Regulated entities

These Regulations apply to organizations and individuals related to planning activities under Section 1.1.

1.3 Reference documents

Reference documents below are necessary for adoption of these regulations. If the referred documents are revised or replaced, the latest version shall prevail.

QCVN 01-1:2018/BYT – National Technical Regulations on quality of water for daily activities.

QCVN 17:2018/BXD – National Technical Regulations on construction and installation of outdoor advertisement methods;

QCVN 09:2017/BXD – National Technical Regulations on energy efficient buildings;

QCVN 07:2016/BXD – National Technical Regulation on technical infrastructural constructions;

QCVN 06:2019/BXD, National Technical Regulations on fire safety for buildings and work items;

QCVN 10:2014/BXD – National Technical Regulations on construction for access of the disabled to buildings and facilities;

QCVN 01:2013/BCT – National Technical Regulation on design requirements for petrol filling stations;

QCVN 02:2012/BTNMT – National Technical Regulations on incinerators for solid medical waste;

QCVN 33:2011/BTTTT – National Technical Regulations on installation of telecommunication cables;

QCVN QTD 8:2010/BXD – National Technical Regulations on electrical engineering;

Regulations on rural low-voltage electrical grid safety techniques (attached to Decision No. 34/2006/QĐ-BCN dated September 13, 2006 of Ministry of Industry).

1.4 Definitions

In these Regulations, terms below are construed as follows:

1.4.1 Construction planning

Refers to spatial organization of urban areas, rural areas and functional areas; organization of technical infrastructure and social infrastructure systems; creation of appropriate environment for inhabitants to live in territories while ensuring harmony between national interest with public interest and satisfying socio-economic, national defense and security, environmental protection and climate change adaptation development goals. Construction planning shall be displayed via construction planning schemes consisting of graphs, drawings, models and explanation.

NOTE: Construction planning consists of planning categories specified under Clause 2 Article 28 of Law on amendments to 37 laws related to planning.

1.4.2 Urban planning:

Refers to spatial, structural, urban scenery, technical infrastructure, social infrastructure and housing organization to create favorable living conditions for urban inhabitants. Urban planning shall be expressed via urban planning schemes.

1.4.3 Functional areas

Consist of economic zones, industrial parks, export-processing zones, hi-tech zones; tourism areas; research and training areas; sports areas.

1.4.4 Urban areas

Refer to areas with high population density whose inhabitants participate in non-agricultural economic sectors, serves as political, administrative, economic, cultural or specialized center to promote socio-economic development of the nation, region or an administrative division, including the center and the outskirts; the center and the outskirts of towns and townlets.

1.4.5 Urban construction land

Refers to land for construction of urban functions (including urban technical infrastructures) including civil land and non-civil land.

1.4.6 Civil land

Refers to land for construction of essential structures serving civil activities including: urban land for residence-related units and residential land in; urban land for service – public structures; tree planning land and land for urban technical infrastructures.

1.4.7 Urban development areas

Refers to areas identified for urban development investment in specific period. Urban development areas consist of: Areas for new urban development, areas for urban expansion, areas for renovation, areas for preservation, areas for urban reformation and areas for specialized functions.

1.4.8 Residence-related units

Refer to fundamental functional urban areas to serve residence demands, including: houses; service – public structures; public trees serving daily needs of the general public; traffic roads (from primary level to tertiary level) and parking lots for residence-related units.

1.4.9 Residence compound

Refers to a combination of houses that share a common space (garden, playground, parking space serving the residence compound and internal road excluding tertiary roads, etc.).

1.4.10 Plot

Includes one or many adjoining land patches limited by traffic roads, other natural or artificial boundaries.

1.4.11 Stand-alone house

Refers to a house build on a separate land patch which organization, household or individual legally has the right to use, including villas, semi-detached houses or terraced houses or detached houses. 

1.4.12 Apartment

Refers to a building with at least 2 storeys, many flats, shared passages and staircases, private property, shared property and infrastructure systems shared by all households, individuals and organizations.

1.4.13 Multi-purpose land

Refers to land for construction of houses, multi-purpose structures or different purposes defined in planning schemes.

1.4.14 Multi-purpose structure

Refers to a structure with multiple use purposes.

1.4.15 Urban land for planting trees

Including: Land for public trees; Land for limited use trees; Land for specialized trees.

NOTE 1: Land for public trees in urban areas refers to parks, playgrounds and playgrounds and ensures accessibility of the general public.

NOTE 2: Land for limited use trees refers to land for trees planted in specific structures and theme parks under management by organizations and individuals,

NOTE 3: Land for specialized trees refers to land for trees in arboretum, trees for research and trees for isolation.

1.4.16 Land for public trees in residence-related units

Consists of parks, playgrounds and playgrounds serving demands and ensuring accessibility of the inhabitants in residence-related units.

1.4.17 Rural residence areas

Refers to where households are connected with each other in manufacturing, daily activities and other social activities in a definite range, formed by natural conditions, socio-economic factors, cultural factors and other factors.

1.4.18 Technical infrastructure system

– Traffic system;

– Power supply system (electricity, petroleum, gas, etc.);

– Public lighting system;

– Communication system (telecommunication technical infrastructure);

– Water supply system;

– Water drainage and wastewater treatment system;

– Solid waste management system;

– Public sanitary system;

– Funeral parlours, cemeteries and crematoriums;

– Other technical infrastructure systems.

1.4.19 Social infrastructure system

Service – public systems: health, education, culture, sports, commerce and other service – public structures;

– Parks, gardens and playgrounds;

– Other social infrastructure systems.

1.4.20 Building density

– Net building density: refers to land occupancy ratio of primary structures on a land plot (excluding exterior structures namely decorations, pools, parking spaces (lots), sports fields, technical infrastructures).

– Gross building density: refers to land occupancy ratio of primary structures on a land plot (which may include: yards, roads, trees, open spaces and areas where structures are not constructed).

1.4.21 Land use coefficient

Refers to the ratio between total floor area of a structure including basement (excluding floor areas serving technical systems, fire prevention and protection, refuge areas and parking lots of structures) and total plot areas.

1.4.22 Red boundary line

Refers to the boundary identified on planning maps and maps of physical location to determine the border between land patches permitted for construction and land patches for traffic roads or other technical infrastructures, public spaces.

1.4.23 Construction boundary line

Refers to the boundary line identified on planning maps and maps of actual location to determine the border between land patches permitted for construction (adjoining section and below-ground section) and land not for construction.

1.4.24 Clearance

Refers to the space between red boundary line and construction boundary line.

1.4.25 Structure height

Refers to the height from ground level of the building according to approved plans to the highest point thereof (including roof and rooftop access). If a structure has many ground levels, the lowest ground level according to approved plans shall prevail.

NOTE: Technical equipment installed on the roof: antennas, lightning arresters, equipment utilizing solar power, metal water reservoirs, chimneys, air vents and decorative structure details shall be exclude from the building height.

1.4.26 Environment separation distance

Refers to the minimum distance from pollutants (or buildings, structures containing pollutants) to meet hygiene, safety and environment requirements.

1.4.27 Safety corridor

Refers to the space with minimum width, length and height travelling along or around technical infrastructure.

1.4.28 Underground construction space

Underground construction space consists of: underground public structures, underground traffic structures, underground technical structures and underground sectors of above-ground structures, underground wires, cables and technical pipelines, utility trenches and tunnels.

1.4.29 Utility tunnel

Refers to a linear underground technical infrastructure big enough to allow humans to install, repair and preserve technical equipment and pipelines.

1.4.30 Utility trench

Refers to a small linear underground technical infrastructure for installation of wires, cables and technical pipelines.

1.5 General requirements

1.5.1 Requirements for estimation in planning schemes:

– Estimation regarding population, employment, land, social infrastructure, technical infrastructure and other socio-economic contents must be based on series of figures gathered from the last 5 years and quota, regulations and restrictions of planning of higher levels. Population estimation must include estimation for permanent residents, temporary residents and other types of inhabitants (outsiders and visitors);

– Estimation must mention natural, environmental accidents, climate change and rising sea level;

– Division planning and detailed planning must conform to and specify estimations of the entire urban areas;

– Estimation results must satisfy the ability to tolerate and satisfy of land, social infrastructures, technical infrastructures and environment.

1.5.2 Requirements for selecting land for construction

– Selected areas for construction must meet following requirements: Advantageous in terms of economy, society, infrastructure, environment and scenery; Having adequate natural conditions to guarantee construction activities and ensure public safety; Not situated within areas where construction activities are prohibited;

– In case estimated areas are to be affected by rising sea level, selecting land for construction must take into account the impact of rising sea level according to national scenarios;

– In case construction must be conducted in areas potentially or certainly affected by natural incidents (landslides, inundation, flood, etc.), planning must propose solutions for minimizing, rectifying and ensuring public safety.

1.5.3 Requirements for orientation to spatial organization of regions (districts, interdistricts)

– Sub-divisions in a planning scheme must be proposed based on natural scenery, economic, social, environmental and regional ecological characteristics;

– Defining sub-divisions must be integrated with control and management measures in different levels: Prioritized constructions (urban areas, residence areas, industrial park, etc.); Restricted constructions (agricultural structures, forestry structures, preservation structures, natural scenery); Prohibited constructions (quarantine zones, safety zones, protection of heritage, relics, etc.);

– Urban systems in a region must tolerate the ability to be developed, expanded and satisfy environmental requirements and safety for residence. An urban area must enable easy access to other urban areas and rural areas;

– Rural residence areas in a region must satisfy natural conditions, manufacturing professions and settlement form by regions and meet natural disaster prevention requirements;

– Industrial parks must be planned based on potentials and advantages in terms of natural and socio-economic conditions; use land economically, prioritize using uncultivated land and restrict converting agricultural land; Do not pollute neighboring regions,

– Areas for protection of heritages and natural scenery must preserve integrity of distinct values of the protected natural resources, harness the potentials for economic development and enable management and protection;

– Social infrastructure systems (health, education, culture, sports, commerce, service, etc.) and technical infrastructure systems must enable easy use and access by inhabitants in the regions (urban and rural inhabitants).

1.5.4 Requirements for spatial organization in urban areas and functional areas thereof

1.5.4.1 Requirements for spatial organization in urban areas

– Regarding cities consisting of multiple urban areas, ensure easy connection between central urban areas and other urban areas and functional areas. Ensure maintenance of buffer zones and ecological zones between urban areas;

– Planning must identify borders of urban development areas and restricted (or prohibited) urban development areas; With respect to urban areas expected to be expanded, borders of urban areas must based on estimations regarding population, land and infrastructures and satisfy requirements for selecting land for construction;

– Urban space must fully utilize the advantages and restrict the disadvantages in terms of natural conditions; Meet economic, social conditions, land and infrastructure characteristics of each urban area and region;  Create a favorable and safe living condition for the inhabitants and uphold distinctive cultural features;

– Land for urban development must be calculated and estimated based on development potentials in each planning phase. Quota for civil land must be calculated based on characteristics of each urban area in order to use land economically, effectively and protect valuable natural resources;

– Scale of non-civil land must be reasoned and calculated based on practical demands and specialized planning;

– Industrial facilities and storage must be located in safe spots and not cause environmental pollution.

1.5.4.2 Requirements for functional areas, urban sub-divisions and centers

– Urban sub-divisions must be based on distinctive values regarding natural conditions, scenery structures and urban functions in each area;

– Urban sub-divisions must estimate and identify population scale for plot for planning which serves as the basis for calculation and distribution of inhabitants in detailed planning and projects; Estimated and identified population must include visitors in plots for residence and plots for construction of multi-purpose structures which allow residency and accommodation services (if any);

– Urban sub-divisions must identify system of service – public structures, land use quota and technical infrastructure framework for plots of the areas and plots for residence-related units;

– Centers for administrative affairs and specialized centers (medical, training, commercial, service, etc.) must be scaled accordingly to use land economically;

– Centers for administrative affairs must be situated in locations that reach functional areas of urban areas in the most convenient way possible;

– Situate different functions in an urban center to ensure effective, flexible and convenient use of land.

1.5.5 Requirements for planning for green space and urban land for planting trees

– Green space in urban areas, including natural green spaces (forest, hills, mountains, riverside, lakeside and seaside vegetation) and artificial green spaces (parks, gardens, water bodies, etc.) must be integrated to form a continuous system;

– Natural green spaces must be fully protected; artificial green spaces must be reasonably distributed over the area of plots for urban construction to ensure easy usage;

– Quota for land for planting trees in the entire urban areas and in each region determined in general planning and sub-division planning must satisfy planning objectives and characteristics of each urban area; Public trees must allow the general public to access easily;

– Prioritize local and regional trees which suit each urban area in order to protect rare trees and valuable veteran trees. Trees in urban areas must not interfere with traffic safety, satisfy natural disaster prevention requirements and not do any damage to both above-ground and underground structures; Do not produce toxic substances or attract insects that affect the inhabitants.

1.5.6 Requirements for spatial planning for underground construction

– Must identify construction areas, restricted construction areas, prohibited underground construction areas;

– Must identify location, scale, direction and level of underground traffic system, utility tunnel and trench systems, utility tank and sewer, areas for constructing public structures, constructing connecting structures for underground technical infrastructures and expected spatial, technical connection;

– Underground structures must be connected in a safe and synchronized manner with each other and with aboveground structures in terms of space and technical infrastructure.

1.5.7 Requirements for planning for technical infrastructure

– Planning for technical infrastructure must meet all requirements of the areas and conform to development estimation of urban areas, rural areas and other functional areas;

– Estimation for technical infrastructure requirements must be based on series of figures on current conditions, projects and areas sharing similar conditions or selected and applied standards;

– Planning for technical infrastructure must take into account effects of climate change and rising sea level;

– Planning for common technical infrastructures that share characteristics (direction, location and scale) must identify structures that utilize the same technical infrastructure to ensure consistency and synchronization;

– Traffic structures and technical infrastructures must allow persons with disabilities to access according to the QCVN 10:2014/BXD;

– Install public restrooms on primary streets, public areas (shopping malls, parks, markets, coach stations, squares, bus stations, etc.) and fuel stations on the outskirts of urban areas; Public restrooms must conform to QCVN 07-9:2016/BXD;

– Public lighting systems must include: lighting for roads, traffic-related structures, parks, gardens, decoration, festivals, architectural and artistic structures and must be guaranteed in terms of luminance, illuminance, safety and energy efficiency; Public lighting structures must conform to QCVN 07-7:2016/BXD;

– Planning for telecommunication infrastructures must conform to QCVN 07-8:2016/BXD and QCVN 33:2011/BTTTT.

1.5.8 Requirements for planning for functional areas

Urban areas and rural residence areas in functional areas must conform to these Regulations.

1.5.9 Requirements for ratio of planning schemes

Specifications and requirements for spatial, land and infrastructure management must be identified and displayed accordingly in following maps:

– A 1/25,000 map must show interregional roads and plots limited by interregional roads;

– A 1/10,000 map must show primary regional roads and plots limited by primary regional roads;

– A 1/5,000 map must show regional roads and plots limited by regional roads;

– A 1/2,000 map must show sub-division roads and plots limited by sub-division roads;

– A 1/500 must display roads leading to residence compounds, bicycle roads, pedestrian roads and land plots.

2. TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
2.1 Civil land requirements

Minimum and maximum requirements for civil land shall be prescribed for each type of urban area and specified under Schedule 2.1; In case planning area is the downtown of a special urban area, apply average land quota for urban area of type I urban areas; Other urban areas classified as special urban areas shall rely on planning orientation to apply the quota applied to urban areas of the same type.

Schedule 2.1: Average quota for urban areas (with respective average population density in urban areas)

Type of urban areaAverage land (m2/person)Population density (people/ha)
I – II45 – 60220 – 165
III – IV50 – 80200 – 125
V70 – 100145 – 100
NOTE 1: Values in the schedule do not apply to land for regional structures or higher level structures situated in civil sections of urban areas; NOTE 2: In case of specific urban planning, may choose quota other than the quota specified in Schedule 2.1 above which requires proof of conformity and must be within range of 45-100 m2/person 
2.2 Residence unit requirements

– Maximum and minimum population of a residence unit is 20,000 people and 4,000 people respectively (minimum population of a residence unit in mountainous urban area is 2,800 people);

– Average land for residence unit in urban areas shall be prescribed for each type of urban area under Schedule 2.2; In case planning area is the downtown of a special urban area, apply average land quota for residence unit of type I urban areas; Other urban areas classified as special urban areas shall rely on planning orientation to apply the quota applied to urban areas of the same type.

Schedule 2.2: Average land quota for residence units by type or urban area

Type of urban areaLand for residence units (m2/person)
I – II15 – 28
III – IV28 – 45
V45 – 55
NOTE 1: Values in the schedule do not apply to land for urban level civil structures or higher situated in residence units; NOTE 2: In case of specific urban planning, may choose quota other than the quota specified in Schedule 2.2 above which requires proof of conformity and must be equal or larger than 15 m2/person. 

– Each residence unit must have adequate service – public structures with sufficient scale to ensure service for all inhabitants of planning areas while considering demands of neighboring areas and visitors; Service – public structures in residence units must ensure accessibility and convenient use for inhabitants of residence units;

– Tree planting land for public use in residence units must ensure at least 2 m2/person; Each residence unit must have a flower garden of at least 5,000 m2 in area which grants access to the inhabitants of the residence unit (especially the elderly and children) according to QCVN 10:2014/BXD; Install flower gardens and playgrounds with radius of service no greater than 300 m; Public tree planting land in residence units and residence compounds must save 25% of total area for installation of outdoor playgrounds, sports and recreational spaces;

– Projects executed according to plan without having adequate population for formation of residence compounds or units must guarantee service – public land quota and tree planting land for residence units and residence compounds or proofs regarding the ability to be shared with neighboring areas and solutions for ensuring accessibility of the inhabitants;

– May install non-residence units in-between residence units; Primary roads of urban areas must not separate residence units;

– When planning for multi-purpose land, display land ratio for each purpose.

– Planning for land where multi-purpose structures are constructed must show floor area ratio for each purpose; Planning for multi-purpose structures including residence and accommodation services (if any) must identify population scale for calculation of technical and social infrastructure demands.

2.3 Requirements for service – public structures

2.3.1 Classification of service – public structures

– Service – public structure systems shall be classified into 3 levels: region level, urban level and residence unit level; Depending on position, scale and nature of each urban area, planning of urban areas must ensure installation of region level, urban level and residence unit level service – public structures;

– The scale of service – public structures must take into account demands of neighboring areas and visitors.

2.3.2 Regulations on urban level service – public structures

Urban level service – public structures must conform to Schedule 2.3.

Schedule 2.3: Minimum scale of urban level service – public structures

Type of structureMinimum structural quotaMinimum land quota
UnitQuotaUnitQuota
A. Education
1. Upper secondary schoolsstudent / 1,000 people40m2/student10
B. Medical
2. General hospitalbed/1,000 people4m2/bed100
     
C. Culture – Sports
4. Basic sports fields  m2/person ha/structure0,6 1,0
5. Culture – sports centers  m2/person ha/structure0,8 3,0
6. Cultural housesseat/1,000 people8ha/structure0,5
7. Children’s housesseat/1,000 people2ha/structure1,0
D. Commerce
8. Marketsstructure1ha/structure1,0
NOTE 1: Construct an upper secondary school in an area with 20,000 people; NOTE 2: Cultural – sports institutions are encouraged to be situated in the same structures. The scale of other urban level service – public structures (stadiums, pools, libraries, museums, cinemas, theatres, etc.) shall be appropriately calculated to meet demands of each urban area.

2.3.3 Regulations on residence unit level service – public structures

– Residence unit level service – public structures must have radius of service no greater than 500 m. With respect to areas with complicated terrains and/or low population density, radius of service must not be greater than 1,000 m;

– Residence unit level service – public structures must conform to Schedule 2.4.

Schedule 2.4: Minimum scale of residence unit level service – public structures

Type of structureMinimum structural quotaMinimum land quota
UnitQuotaUnitQuota
A. Education
1. Preschoolschildren/1,000 people50m2/child12
2. Primary schoolsstudent /1,000 people65m2/student10
3. Lower secondary schoolsstudent /1,000 people55m2/student10
B. Medical
4. Medical stationsstation1m2/station500
C. Culture – Sports
5. Playgrounds for residence compounds300 m in radius m2/person0,8
6. Training grounds  m2/person ha/structure0,5 0,3
7. Cultural – sport centersstructure1m2/structure5.000
D. Commerce
8. Marketsstructure1m2/structure2.000
NOTE: With respect to mountainous urban areas, downtown of such urban areas shall have limited land space thus may reduce minimum land quota to 2,500 m2/structure
2.4 Tree planting land requirements

– Tree planting land for public use in urban areas must guarantee access for all inhabitants; Planning for use of natural tree planting land, lakeside, riverside and seaside vegetation, etc. is required for adding more urban tree planting land;

– Urban areas that have characteristic and valuable scenery (natural river, stream, sea, mountainous, vegetation) require solutions for scenery utilization and preservation planning.

Schedule 2.5: Minimum area of tree planting land for public use in urban areas (excluding tree planting land for public use in residence units)

Type of urban areaStandards (m2/person)
Special7
I and II6
III và IV5
V4
NOTE 1: Area of water surface in parks and flower gardens may be converted to area for tree planting land/person but must not account more than 50% of total quota for tree planting land for public use in urban areas; NOTE 2: With respect to urban areas in mountainous regions and islands, area of tree planting land for public use in urban areas can be lower but must be higher than 70% of the values specified under Schedule 2.5.
2.5 Requirements for industrial parks, export-processing zones and hi-tech zones

2.5.1 General requirements

– Planning for industrial parks (including industrial clusters), export-processing zones and hi-tech zones must satisfy environmental protection and safety requirements, minimize negative impacts on surrounding environment;

– With respect to manufacturing and storage facilities having level I or level II toxicity, planning is required to be implemented outside of urban construction areas, toxicity level and environmental separation distance conforming to regulations of Ministry of Science and Technology must be identified via environmental impact assessment tools or based on similar projects;

– NOTE: In case environmental impact assessment or similar projects are not available, consult Annex 3 of TCVN 4449 – 1987.

– If civil function areas in industrial parks and industrial clusters include residence function, apply regulations under Section 2.2, Section 2.3 and Section 2.4. Spatial organization of civil function areas in industrial parks shall conform to Section 2.6.

2.5.2 Environment separation distance

– Ensure environmental separation distance of pollutants in industrial parks, storage facilities and industrial clusters which are manufacturing and storage facilities for toxic materials, products and refuse and auxiliary structures that produce non-civil refuse;

– Erect stretches of trees surrounding industrial parks, storage facilities and industrial clusters equal or wider than 10 m;

– Within environmental separation distance, may implement planning for roads, parking lots, electricity supply structures, fences, gates, security posts, wastewater pumping stations, wastewater treatment plants, wastewater treatment stations, solid waste transfer station, solid waste treatment facilities, other industrial and storage structures.

– Within environmental separation distance, do not install civil constructions.

2.5.3 Land use

– Land for construction of industrial parks, export-processing zones and hi-tech zones must be planned depending on industrial and socio-economic development potentials and relevant development strategies of each local government;

– Ratio of land types in industrial parks, export-processing zones and hi-tech zones depends on form and nature of manufacturing facilities and areas of land plots for construction of manufacturing facilities and storage facilities but must also conform to Schedule 2.6;

– Maximum net building density of land plot for construction of factories and storage facilities is 70%. Maximum net building density of land plots for construction of factories with more than 5 stations for manufacturing is 60%.

Schedule 2.6: Minimum percentage of land for traffic, trees and technical sections in industrial parks, export-processing zone and hi-tech zones.

Type of landPercentage (% of the entire area)
Traffic10
Tree10
Technical section1
NOTE: Land for traffic and tree in Schedule 2.6 does not include land for traffic and tree within manufacturing facilities.
2.6 Requirements for scenery, urban design and building layout in new development areas

2.6.1 Minimum distance between individual building, construction and building complex (hereinafter collectively referred to as “structure”) must be prescribed under specific urban planning and design schemes. Positioning of structures and identifying structure height must be able to minimize negative impact of natural conditions (sun, wind, etc.), create advantages in microclimate condition and ensure compliance with fire prevention regulations. In addition, distance between structures in the same plot must satisfy following requirements:

2.6.1.1 In case of structures shorter than 46m

– Distance between longer sides of structures must equal or be greater than 1/2 structure height but no less than 7m;

– Distance between a gable of a structure with a gable or long side of another structure must equal or be greater than 1/3 structure height but no less than 4m.

2.6.1.2 In case of structures as tall as or taller than 46 m

– Distance between long sides of structures must equal or be greater than 25m;

– Distance between a gable of a structure with a gable or long side of another structure must equal or be greater than 15 m.

2.6.1.3 Distance between structures of different height shall conform to regulations on structures of greater height.

2.6.1.4 With respect to buildings with long sides and gables similar in dimension, whichever side adjoins the biggest road shall be the long side of the structure block.

2.6.2 Structure clearance

– Clearance of structures adjoining roads (at least regional roads) shall be prescribed under specific urban planning and design schemes and must satisfy Schedule 2.7;

– With respect to a structure consisting of a base and a tower above, regulations on structure clearance shall be applied accordingly to the base and to the tower depending on their height in a separate manner.

Schedule 2.7: Minimum clearance (m) of structures based on road width (limited by red boundary lines) and structure height

Width of road adjoining land plot for structure construction (m)Structure height (m)
≤1919 ÷ <2222 ÷ <28≥28
<190346
19 ÷ < 220036
≥220006

2.6.3 Maximum net building density

– Maximum net building density of land plots for construction of stand-alone houses shall be specified under Schedule 2.8;

– Maximum net building density of land plots for construction of apartments shall be specified under urban planning and design schemes but must conform to Schedule 2.9 and satisfy requirements for minimum distance between building blocks under Section 2.6.1 and structure clearance Section 2.6.2;

– Maximum net building density of land plots for construction of service – public structures such as education, medical, culture, sports facilities and markets in new construction areas is 40%;

– Maximum net building density of land plots for commerce and services or multi-purposes shall be specified under urban planning and design schemes but must conform to Schedule 2.10 and satisfy requirements for minimum distance between building blocks under Section 2.6.1 and structure clearance Section 2.6.2;

Schedule 2.8: Maximum net building density of land plots for construction of stand-alone (villas, semi-detached houses or terraced houses or detached houses)

Plot area (m2/house)≤90100200300500≥1000
Maximum building density (%)1008070605040
NOTE: Stand-alone houses must ensure that land use coefficient does not exceed 7 times.

Schedule 2.9: Maximum net building density of apartments based on plot area and structure height

Height of structure aboveground (m)Maximum building density (%) according to plot area
≤3.000 m210.000 m218.000 m2≥35.000 m2
≤1675656360
1975605855
2275575552
2575535148
2875504845
3175484643
3475464441
3775444239
4075434138
4375424037
4675413936
>4675403835
NOTE: With respect to buildings taller than 46 m, ensure that land use coefficient must not exceed 13 times

Schedule 2.10: Maximum net building density of land plots for commerce and services and land plots for multi-storey multi-purpose buildings based on plot area and structure height

Height of structure aboveground (m)Maximum building density (%)based on plot area
3.000 m210.000 m218.000 m2≥35.000 m2
≤1680706865
1980656360
2280626057
2580585653
2880555350
3180535148
3480514946
3780494744
4080484643
4380474542
4680464441
>4680454340
NOTE: With respect to structures taller than 46 m, ensure that the land use coefficient does not exceed 13 times (except for land plots for construction of structures requiring special scenery architecture and urban landmark demands identified via higher level planning).

– With respect to land plots not mentioned under Schedule 2.8, Schedule 2.9 or Schedule 2.10, may estimate a value between the 2 nearest values;

– In case a structure is a combination of multiple structures with varying heights, regulations on maximum building density shall be applied based on average height.

– With respect to a structure consisting of a base and a high tower above, regulations on building density shall be applied to the base and the tower based on respective height in a separate manner as long as shared land use coefficient of both the base and the tower does not exceed 13 times.

2.6.4 Gross building density

– Maximum gross building density of residence unit is 60%;

– Maximum gross building density of tourist resorts is 25%;

– Maximum gross building density of parks is 5%;

– Maximum gross building density of theme parks is 25%;

– Maximum gross building density of specialized theme greens (including golf courses) and natural environmental protection zones shall be prescribed based on functions and relevant regulations but no more than 5%.

2.6.5 Percentage of land for planting trees in land plots for construction must comply with minimum percentage of land for planting trees under Schedule 2.11.

Schedule 2.11: Minimum percentage of land for planting trees in plots for construction

In plots for construction ofMinimum percentage of land for planting trees (%)
1- Apartment buildings20
2- Education, medical and culture structures30
3- Factories20

2.6.6 Dimensions in plots for construction

– Plots for construction of houses in planning areas for new construction adjoining roads having width of red boundary line of ≥ 19 m shall have front width of houses ≥ 15m; 

– Plots for construction of houses in planning areas for new construction adjoining roads having width of red boundary line less than 19 m shall have front width of houses ≥ 4 m; 

– Maximum length of a plot for construction of a terraced house adjoining a primary road of the area or lower is 60 m.

2.6.7 Regulations on architectural details of structures adjoining roads

– Architectural details of structures shall be prescribed under specific urban planning and design schemes and regulations on architecture in each area;

– In case construction boundary line overlaps with red boundary line, regulations mentioned above must conform to following rules: Do not obstruct traffic on roads, ensure safety and convenient for walking on sidewalks; Do not affect trees, aboveground and underground technical infrastructural construction systems; Ensure consistency in terms of scenery on streets or street sections; Ensure compliance with regulations on fire safety and operations of fire-fighting facilities;

– In case construction boundary line recedes compare to the red boundary line, guarantee following rules: Not one section or architectural detail of the structure can cross the red boundary line; Ensure consistency in terms of scenery on streets or street sections; Ensure compliance with regulations on fire safety and operations of fire-fighting facilities;

2.6.8 Relation with neighboring structures

– Architectural details of structures that adjoin neighboring shall be prescribed under specific urban planning and design schemes and regulations on architecture and scenery in each area;

– The regulations must conform to following principles: Comply with regulations on fire prevention; Ensure operations in the structures do not affect or impact activities taken place in neighboring structures.

2.6.9 Entrances, exits and fences of service – public structures

– Ensure safe and clear traffic in entrance and exit areas of structures;

– Gates and fences on either sides of each gate must recede behind the plot’s boundary to create a space that is 4 m from the boundary and a width that is 4 times the distance from the boundary to the gates and fences.

2.6.10 Information and advertisement panels must conform to QCVN 17:2018/BXD.

2.6.11 Petrol filling stations shall be constructed fixed

– Plan and assign land fund for fixed petrol filling stations according demands of urban areas; Minimum land area for newly planned fixed petrol filling stations shall be prescribed under Schedule 2.12;

Schedule 2.12: Minimum land area for fixed petrol filling stations

Level of petrol filling stationsLand area (m2)
11,000
2500
3300
NOTE: Level of petrol filling stations shall conform to QCVN 01.2013/BCT.

– Location of newly planned fixed petrol filling stations must conform to fire prevention regulations under QCVN 01:2013/BCT; Minimum distance between 2 newly planned fixed petrol filling stations is 300 m; Minimum distance from a newly planned fixed petrol filling station to places regularly crowded with people (markets, shopping malls, education facilities, medical facilities, cultural, sports and office institutions) is 50 m;

– Location of newly planned fixed petrol filling stations must ensure safe and easy access to traffic system; Entrances and exits of newly planned fixed petrol filling stations must be at least 50 m away from areas with obstructed vision and situated outside of safety corridor with respect to bridges, culverts and tunnels; Exits of fixed petrol filling stations leading to roads of regional level or higher must be at least 50 m away from red boundary lines of roads of regional level or higher that intersect with the roads on which the exits of the fixed petrol filling stations are situated; Fixed petrol filling stations must make adequate space for parking in order to not affect traffic inside and outside of the stations when vehicles refill.

– Currently active fixed petrol filling stations must conform to urban planning, not affect traffic and have fire prevention measures approved as per the law;

– In addition, work items in petrol filling stations must conform to QCVN 07-6:2016/BXD and QCVN 01:2013/BCT.

2.6.12 Gas supply structures

– Plan and assign land fund for gas supply stations and gas distributing pipe networks according to demands of urban areas;

– Do not plan to install gas distributing pipes with pressure more than 7 bar across inner parts of urban areas;

– Planning for gas distributing pipe networks must take into account common use in utility tunnels and trenches;

– In addition, gas supply structures must conform to QCVN 07-6:2016/BXD.

2.6.13 Fire prevention structures

– Situate networks of stations of fire departments with service radius of up to 3 km for downtown urban areas and 5 km for other areas; With respect to currently active urban areas that are not covered by service radius of fire departments, develop measures, calculate, assign additional land fund or situate additional stations as specified above in new urban projects.

– Location of fire departments must allow fire-fighting facilities and engines to move rapidly and safely;

– Roads serving fire fighting must conform to QCVN 06:2019/BXD.

2.7 Spatial and land use requirements for available spaces in urban areas

2.7.1 General provisions

– Available spaces in urban areas must be identified in general planning and division planning; Planning for available spaces in urban areas must ensure consistency and compatibility in terms of technical and social infrastructure systems with neighboring areas; do not negatively affect and impact current infrastructure systems;

– Land fund for social infrastructure facilities, technical infrastructure facilities and trees must be planned to be increased gradually in order to meet objectives of newly developed areas;

– With respect to downtown areas with technical infrastructure quality not meeting these regulations, urban reformation projects must assess their impacts on technical infrastructures of the areas;

– Figures regarding plot area, building areas, storey elevation, distance between structures, land use coefficient and land repurposing must be identified in specific urban planning and design;

– Plan for structures adjoining recently opened streets or expanded streets in sync with neighboring structures to guarantee general aesthetic of the entire streets;

– Specific urban planning and design must take into account the fact that current conditions and/or shape of plots do not meet scenery and construction safety requirement for adjustment;

– Structures situated in plots that do not adjoin (newly opened, expanded, current) streets must be planned in order to ensure ventilation, lighting, convenient in terms of traffic, satisfactory to fire safety distance and access to fire-fighting facilities and vehicles to all structures;

– Polluting industrial parks, clusters and facilities must be resettled. Land fund after having been resettled may be repurposed and must be prioritized for installation of missing technical and social infrastructural constructions and trees of the areas;

– Reformation and maintenance of industrial parks, clusters and facilities must conform to regulations on technical infrastructures; ensure environmental friendly, fire safety and urban scenery.

2.7.2 Regulations on regulated entities

– When plan for currently available locations in urban areas defined in planning of a higher level, apply regulations under Section 2.6, including: Areas along the sides of newly constructed or expanded roads (at least regional roads); Renovated areas to improve land use coefficient or population of the areas; Urban redevelopment projects larger than 5 ha;

– Valuable historical/cultural/architectural heritages that need to be preserved shall be elaborated under planning and architectural management regulations or under management regulations of construction planning on a case-by-case basis;

– Available locations in urban areas defined in planning of a higher level refer to locations that are only renovated to improve scenery, architecture details and environmental quality without improving land use coefficient or increasing population. Planning and architectural quotas shall be identified based on specific urban planning and design on a case-by-case basis;

– May apply regulations under Sections from 2.7.3 to 2.7.7 below in available locations in urban areas that are defined in planning of higher level and not specified above.

2.7.3 Regulations on land use

– Planning for land use must prioritize land fund for installation of service – public structures, trees, parks and urban technical infrastructure to gradually meet criteria of new urban areas;

– In case of insufficient land fund for installation of service – public structures, may reduce land use quotas under Schedule 2.3 and Schedule 2.4 but no more than 50%. With respect to education and training facilities in particular, ensure compliance with national standards of Ministry of Education and Training;

– May situate preschools on the first and second storey of an apartment building as long as playground area, separate walkways for students, regulations on environmental hygiene safety and fire prevention and specialized regulations of Ministry of Education and Training and Ministry of Health are guaranteed;

– In case land for trees for public use cannot be added to meet the regulations due to current conditions of the areas, specific urban planning and design schemes must propose addition of trees and open spaces in plots and ensure access of inhabitants.

2.7.4 Regulations on service radius of service – public structures

In case specific conditions of planning areas do not guarantee sufficient land fund for installation of service – public structures as specified under Schedule 2.3 and Schedule 2.4, may utilize land fund from neighboring service and public structures with a radius of no more than 2 times.

2.7.5 Regulations on structure clearance on roads

In case specific conditions of planning areas do not guarantee sufficient clearance requirements as specified under Schedule 2.7, structure clearance shall be identified by urban planning or design schemes as long as consistency in spatial organization on roads or road sections is guaranteed.

2.7.6 Regulations on minimum distance between buildings and structures

In case specific conditions of planning areas do not guarantee minimum distance requirements, minimum distance between structures shall be identified by urban planning or design schemes as long as fire prevention regulations are guaranteed; Roads serving fire engines must be wider than 4 m; Each structure must receive natural ventilation and lighting.

2.7.7 Regulations on net building density

– Net building density shall comply with Section 2.6.3; With respect to plots for stand-alone houses no taller than 25 m covering an area of no more than 100 m2, may utilize the maximum density of 100% as long as regulations on clearance and distance between structures under Sections 2.7.5 and 2.7.6 are guaranteed;

– In case specific conditions of planning areas do not have sufficient land fund to ensure land use quotas of service – public structures, may increase maximum net building density of service – public structures but no more than 60%;

– With respect to areas that require control of population factor and infrastructure demand, may use land use coefficient quotas instead of building density and storey quotas. Maximum land use coefficient shall be determined under urban planning or design scheme but must satisfy following values under Schedule 2.13.

Schedule 2.13: Maximum land use coefficient of plot for multi-storey apartments, urban service structures and multi-purpose structure based on plot area and structure height

Height of structure aboveground (m)Maximum land use coefficient (%) based on plot area
3,000 m210,000 m218,000 m2≥35,000 m2
≤164.03.53.43.25
194.83.93.783.6
225.64.344.23.99
256.44.644.484.24
287.24.954.774.5
318.05.35.14.8
348.85.615.395.06
379.65.885.645.28
4010.46.245.985.59
4311.26.586.35.88
4612.06.96.66.15
>4612.87.26.886.4
NOTE 1: With respect to plots with area and height not mentioned in this Schedule, may estimate a value between the 2 nearest values. NOTE 2: Plots for construction of structures with special requirement regarding scenery architecture and serving as the focus of urban areas identified via higher level planning may consider using land use coefficient greater than 13 times but must be calculated in order to not cause urban social and technical infrastructure systems to overload.
2.8 Requirements for ground elevation and surface water discharge

2.8.1 Requirements for planning for ground elevation

– Must assess and identify types of soil by favorable, less favorable and unfavorable conditions and soil on which construction is prohibited or restricted; Must assess and identify possible risks of natural disasters, climate change and rising sea level taking into account factors from neighboring areas;

– Must conform to specialized irrigation planning; Must utilize natural terrain and conditions, limit amount of digging and filling; Must develop solutions to enable ground elevation of new planned areas do not affect ability to discharge water of available areas;

– Planning for ground elevation must be designed with frequency of estimated inundation-level water is identified based on types of urban areas and function areas thereof according to Schedule 2.14;

– Minimum controlled ground level of construction site must be 0.3 m higher than estimated inundation-level water for civil land and 0.5 m for industrial land.

Schedule 2.14: Frequency of estimated inundation-level water (m) for functional areas

Functional areasType of urban area
Special, type IType II, III, IVType V
Downtown areas, residential areas and industrial parks1005010
Trees, parks and sports facilities10102
NTE 1: Do not apply regulations on controlled ground level for other areas and structures designed to store and regulate rainwater, prevent inundation and structures designed to operate in case of inundation; NOTE 2: Areas affected by climate change and rising sea level, controlled ground level must be tested for ability to respond to national climate change and rising sea level scenarios.

2.8.2 Requirements for surface water discharge system

– Planning for surface water discharge system must: Ensure adequate area and volume of gauges to circulate surface water; Utilize low areas to temporarily store rainwater; Increase water absorption surface for traffic infrastructures, warehouses, technical infrastructures and other public areas; Available urban areas must retain, renovate and upgrade current lakes, rivers and canals to ensure adequate volume for storing and circulating surface water;

– Planning for surface water discharge system in new development areas must not affect the ability to discharge surface water of available areas;

– Planning for surface water discharge system must include minimizing impact of natural disasters (inundation, flood, typhoon, high tide, landslide, etc.), and responding to climate change and rising sea level;

– Newly constructed areas must install separate water drainage system. Areas installed with general water drainage system must upgrade into semi-separate water drainage systems or separate water drainage systems;

– Surface water discharge system must be calculated based on frequency of rain that overflows the sewers. Minimum frequency of rain that overflows the sewers is specified under Schedule 2.15;

– Requirements for collecting rainwater: rainwater discharge system must be installed on every inner urban road and road leading through residential areas in the outskirts;

– In addition, structures within water discharge network must conform to QCVN 07-2:2016/BXD.

Schedule 2.15: Minimum frequency of rain that overflows sewers (year)

Type of water drainage structureType of urban area
Special, type IType II, III, IVType V
Canals, channels1052
Primary sewers521
Branching sewers10.50.33
NOTE 1: Frequency of rain that overflows sewers is not used to calculate irrigation drainage canals within administrative boundary of urban areas and rural residence areas. NOTE 2: When calculating the entire surface water discharge system, take into account ability to respond to climate change according to national scenarios.
2.9 Traffic requirements

2.9.1 General requirements

– Traffic system must satisfy passenger and cargo transportation demands serving socio-economic development, urbanization and international integration;

– Traffic network must be clearly classified to ensure coherence, order, safety and effectiveness;

– Transportation development must conform to planning, modernize, synchronize and connect means of transportation reasonably.

2.9.2 Traffic system

2.9.2.1 Road traffic

– Newly planned expressways, level I and II automobile roads must be situated outside of downtown of urban areas. In case travelling across downtown of urban areas is compulsory, install adequate guardrails and adopt other traffic safety solutions;

– Automobile stations shall be situated in areas with convenient access to downtown of urban areas, stations, ports, markets and residential areas.

2.9.2.2 Railway traffic

– Separation distance from railway structures to other structures must conform to applicable regulations of transportation sector;

– Distance from center line of a railway to the nearest house in an urban area must be ≥ 20 m;

– Platform dimension must satisfy values under Schedule 2.16.

Schedule 2.16: Platform dimension of different types of stations

Type of stationsTrack layoutPlatform length (m)Platform width (m)
1- Passenger station   
– Terminus ≥ 1000≥ 200
– Through stations ≥ 1400≥ 100
2- Goods stations ≥ 500≥ 100
3- Technical stationsContinuous≥ 4000≥ 200
 Mixed≥ 2700≥ 250
 Parallel≥ 2200≥ 700
4- Mixed stationsVertical≥ 1500≥ 50
 Semi-vertical≥ 1300≥ 50
 Horizontal≥ 900≥ 100

2.9.2.3 Air traffic

– When preparing planning schemes, scale and area of airports and airfields must be calculated based on aviation standards and standards of International Civil Aviation Organizations;

– Distance from other structures to airports must conform to planning for obstacle clearance height and satisfy noise regulations according to QCVN 26:2010/BTNMT.

2.9.2.4 Water traffic

– Port dimensions must satisfy values under Schedule 2.17.

Schedule 2.17: Regulations on port dimensions

Type of portsFactorsm2/length of port in meter
Seaport– Pier≥ 150
 – Quay≥ 300
Inland waterway port– Public port≥ 250
 – Specialized port≥ 300
Inland waterway station– Public station≥ 100
 – Specialized station≥ 100

2.9.3 Urban traffic system

2.9.3.1 Urban road system

– Urban traffic planning in general planning schemes must predict passenger and cargo transportation demands as well as traffic composition;

– Urban traffic system must ensure rapid and safe connection between functional areas, within regions and between regional, national and international traffic;

– Width of a single lane and road shall be determined based on level of the road, design velocity and traffic flow and conform to QCVN 07-4:2016/BXD;

– Pavements, walkways and cycle lanes must conform to QCVN 07-4:2016/BXD;

– Road density and gap between 2 roads must satisfy Schedule 2.18;

– Percentage of land for traffic purposes (excluding traffic infrastructures) in minimum land for urban construction: 9% up to interregional roads; 13% up to regional roads; 18% for sub-regional roads.

Schedule 2.18: Regulations on urban roads

Road levelRoad typeGap between 2 roads (m)Road density (km/km2)
Urban level1. Urban expressway4,800 – 8,0000.4 – 0.25
2. Primary urban road2,400 – 4,0000.83 – 0.5
3. Secondary urban road1,200 – 2,0001.5 – 1.0
4. Interregional road600 – 1,0003.3 – 2.0
Regional level5. Primary regional road300 – 5006.5 – 4.0
6. Regional road250 – 3008.0 – 6.5
Local level7. Sub-regional road150-25013.3-10
8. Tertiary roadNo regulationsNo regulations
9. Cycle lanes
10. Walkways

2.9.3.2 Traffic square and junction of urban roads

– Regulations on organizing traffic squares and junctions of urban roads shall conform to QCVN 07-4:2016/BXD;

– Minimum curvature radius of curb in junctions must be: ≥ 15 m in traffic squares and urban level; ≥ 12m in regional level; ≥ 8 m for local level;

– In case slip road dimensions cannot be guaranteed in junctions of newly opened roads in available urban areas, may use other substitution technical measures namely: speed bumps, median strips, signs, lights, etc.

2.9.3.3 Public passenger transportation network

– Level III and above urban areas must organize public passenger transportation network; Forms of public transportation include: urban railway, buses, boats (if any);

– Distance between routes of public transportation is at least 600 m and at most 1,200 m (at least 400 m in downtown urban areas); Maximum walking distance from residence, workplace, shopping and recreational avenues, etc. to railway stations or public stations is 500 m;

– Density of public transportation network depends on urban planning composition and must be at least 2 km/km2 of land for urban construction. Distance between stops of public transportation in urban areas is as follows: at most 600 m for bus and electric train stations; at least 800 m for bus rapid transport (BRT), urban railway (subway; ground-level or elevated electric train) stations;

– In junctions of roads where public transports are allowed to operate, install stops to enable passengers to move from one transport to another with walking distance between any 2 stops less than 200 m;

– Bus and electric train stations on primary roads must be at least 20 m away from any junction. Length of one-way stations must be at least 20 m and no shorter than 30 m for multiple-way stations. Width of stations must be as least 3 m.

2.9.3.4 Urban railway system

– National railway lines and urban railway must be interconnected via a system of stations; Organize crossings of different levels for railways, urban railways, roads and primary roads of urban areas;

– Urban areas where national railway crosses must adopt appropriate traffic organization measures in order to not negatively affect urban activities (via scenery, noises, traffic accidents, etc.);

– Elevated railway stations must be connected and synchronized with above-ground and underground structure (if any);

– Subway stations must be safely connected and synchronized with other underground structures and with above-ground structures;

– Structure protection range and urban railway safety corridor must conform to railway traffic laws.

2.9.4 Other traffic structures in urban areas

– In urban areas, residence-related units and compounds must install parking lots and parking spaces. In industrial parks and warehouses, install parking lots and service stations;

– Parking lots for goods transports must be situated close to markets, cargo stations, commercial and industrial centers and other structures requiring high transport load;

– Areas requiring high transport load, shopping malls, service, sports and recreational facilities must install public parking lots and parking spaces convenient for customers and vehicles which will be connected with road networks while staying within the maximum walking distance of 500 m;

– Bus parking spaces at both ends of a route shall be determined in terms of scale based on specific demand;

– Electric train depots shall be positioned at both ends of a route and any junction in-between and may be situated together with maintenance facilities;

– Public, service structures, apartments and agencies must guarantee adequate parking spaces for each type of vehicle according to use demand;

– May plan for underground and multistorey parking lots in available urban areas as long as compatible and safe connection with other structures is established;

– Estimated area of parking spaces for urban areas is specified under Schedule 2.19;

Schedule 2.19: Estimated area for parking spaces in civil areas

Population (1000 people)Quota based on population (m2/person)
> 1504.0
50 – 1503.5
< 502.5
NOTE: To fulfill parking demands, underground and multistorey parking lots shall be converted from floor area for parking to land area for parking according to QCVN 13-2018/BXD on automobile garages as follows: Plot area for car garages based on number of storey shall be as follows: Single-storey: 30 m2/parking space; 2 storeys: 20 m2/parking space; 3 storeys: 14 m2/parking space; 4 storeys: 12 m2/parking space; 5 storeys: 10 m2/parking space; Aboveground garages: 25 m2/parking space.

– Area of a parking space for following means of transportation is as follows: cars: 25 m2; motorcycles: 3 m2; bicycles: 0.9 m2; buses: 40 m2; trucks: 30 m2; number of minimum parking spaces for cars of a structure shall conform to technical regulations on that structure, if technical regulations on that structure are not available, conform to Schedule 2.20.

Schedule 2.20: Number of minimum parking spaces for cars

Type of buildingMinimum requirement
Hotels of at least 3 stars4 rooms/parking space
Luxury offices, head offices of diplomatic missions, conference centers, exhibitions, shopping malls100 m2 usable floor area/parking space
Apartment buildingsConform to QCVN 04:2019/BXD
NOTE: Hotels below 3 stars, service structures, offices and head offices of regular agencies shall have parking spots ≥ 50% of the values above.

2.9.5 Regulations on urban traffic safety

– When renovating and upgrading road surface, ensure conformance to planned ground elevation, do not cause inundation or affect water drainage structures of the areas and access to structures on either side of the roads;

– Regulations on visibility, pavements, walkways and cycle lanes shall conform to QCVN 07-4:2016/BXD.

2.10 Requirements for water supply

2.10.1 Protected areas of water collection location and water supply structures

– Water source protection corridors must conform to regulations and law on water resources;

– Protected areas of water collection location and urban water supply structures are specified under Schedule 2.21.

Schedule 2.21: Protected areas of water collection location and water supply structures

Protected areasDimension of level I protected areas (m)Dimension of level II protected areas (m)
Surface water sources, from water collection location:  
– Against the current≥ 200≥ 1000
– Along the current≥ 100≥ 250
– In case current is unknown or unidentified≥ 200≥ 1000
Groundwater sources: around drilled wells with a radius of≥ 25
Specialized reservoirs and dams to provide domestic water, from the banks:  
– Even banks≥ 100The entire area
– Steep banks≥ 300The entire area
Water plants and water supply stations, from baseboard of treatment facilities:≥ 30
Water supply pipes, from outer edges of the pipes:  
– Dimension of 300 mm to < 1000 mm≥ 7
– Dimension of ≥ 1000 mm≥  15
NOTE 1: In level I protected areas, following activities are prohibited: constructing houses; discharging wastewater or solid waste, participating in husbandry or fishery, extracting minerals, using toxic chemicals, organic fertilizers or mineral fertilizers for plants; NOTE 2: In level II protected, wastewater and refuse from daily activities, service and commercial operations must be collected and treated to meet environmental regulations.

2.10.2 Water use demands

– Clean water for daily activities shall be estimated based on series of figures on current conditions and convenience of urban areas and residence areas as long as 100% of population within urban areas are supplied with water during the long term period of the planning; Clean water supply quota for daily activities within urban areas depends on type of the urban areas but must be at least 80 liters/person/24 hours; Aim towards using water safely, economically and effectively;

– Minimum clean water for service – public structures shall equal 10% of water for daily activities; Minimum amount of clean water for each type of service – public structures must be guaranteed as follows: schools: 15 liters/student/24 hours; preschools: 75 liters/child/24 hours; other buildings, service – public structures: 2 liters/m2 of floor area/24 hours;

– Water for watering trees and washing roads shall equal 8% of amount of water for daily activities; Minimum water supply quotas shall be as follows: watering flower gardens and parks: 3 liters/m2/24 hours; washing roads: 0.4 liters/m2/24 hours. May use reusable water (treated rainwater, wastewater, etc.) to water trees and wash roads;

– Minimum amount of water for small production and very small handicrafts shall equal 8% of water for daily activities;

– Amount of water for centralized economic zones shall be determined based on the industry but must be no less than 20 m3/ha/24 hours for at least 60% of area of the economic zones;

– Maximum amount of spilled or leaked water must not exceed 15% of total amount of water above;

– Minimum amount of water for the water plants and water supply station shall equal 4% of amount of water above.

2.10.3 Water sources and water supply structures

– Water sources: Minimum amount of water available for extraction of water sources (except for islands and high mountains) must be 10 times the water use demand. At least 95% of monthly or daily supply from the water sources must be guaranteed for urban areas more than (or approximately at) 50,000 people; 90% must be guaranteed for urban areas with population ranging from (or approximately at) 5,000 people to 50,000 people and 85% for urban areas with population of less than (or approximately at) 5,000 people;

– Selecting water sources must: Ensure water storage capacity, volume and quality; Ensure water source efficiency and satisfy basic needs regarding water usage;

– Area for construction of new water plants and water supply stations shall be determined based on capacity, treatment technology or selected and applied standards as long as minimum area specified under Schedule 2.22 is guaranteed.

Schedule 2.22: Minimum area of water plants and water supply stations

Capacity of water plants and water supply stations (m3/24 hours)Minimum plot area (ha)
< 5.0000.5
> 5,000 – 10,0001.0
> 10,000 – 30,0002.0
> 30,000 – 60,0003.0
> 60,000 – 120,0004.0
> 120,000 – 250,0005.0
> 250,000 – 400,0007.0
> 400,000 – 800,0009.0
> 800,000 – 1,200,00013.0
> 1,200,00016.0

2.10.4 Water supply networks

– Water supply networks must be guaranteed in terms of safety and credibility regarding water flow rate, pressure and quality according to use demand and fire fighting water requirements;

– Minimum discharge rate in domestic water supply networks of residence areas in locations where water is introduced into a building must not be less than 10 m from ground level;

– Water quality must conform to QCVN 01-1:2018/BYT;

– In addition, structures within water supply networks must conform to QCVN 07-1:2016/BXD.

2.10.5 Fire fighting water supply

– Scale and number of simultaneous fire must be calculated depending on the scale of urban areas as specified under QCVN 06:2019/BXD;

– Utilize lakes, ponds and reservoirs to provide water for firefighting; Install paths to enable fire engines to collect water; Distance from ground level to water surface in water collection location must not exceed 4 m and distance from the water surface to the bottom of the water body must be ≥ 0.5 m;

– Regarding urban water supply network, install (aboveground or underground) fire hydrants along the streets while maintaining maximum distance between any 2 hydrants at 150 m, minimum distance from a hydrant to a building at 5 m, maximum distance from a hydrant installed on pavement to the curb at 2.5 m;

– Diameter of outdoor water pipes for firefighting must be ≥ 100 mm.

2.11 Requirements for water drainage and wastewater treatment

2.11.1 Amount of wastewater produced

– Amount of wastewater produced shall be estimated based on series of figures on current conditions and level of convenience of urban areas and residence areas or manufacturing technology in case of industrial facilities as long as amount wastewater produced must be ≥ 80% of amount of water supplied to the same entities;

– Amount of sludge produced shall be determined based on level of completion of on-spot sanitary structures or selected and applied standards but must be ≥ 0.04 m3/person/year.

2.11.2 Water drainage networks

– Newly constructed areas must plan for separate wastewater drainage system. Areas installed with general water drainage networks must plan for semi-separate water drainage systems or separate water drainage systems;

– With respect to islands, plan for separate wastewater systems and treat wastewater thoroughly, wastewater can be reused for other purposes once it is treated to meet environmental requirements;

– In addition, structures within water discharge network must conform to QCVN 07-2:2016/BXD.

2.11.3 Wastewater treatment plants and wastewater treatment stations

– Domestic wastewater of urban areas, medical sectors, industrial parks and craft villages must be treated to meet environmental regulations on wastewater prior to being released into receiving waters and other relevant standards; Sewage sludge of water drainage system must be collected and treated as per the law or transported to central solid waste treatment facilities;

– Newly planned wastewater treatment plans and wastewater treatment stations must be prioritized to be situated in areas at the end of the current of the receiving water that receives post-treatment wastewater where prevailing wind of urban areas blow to with adequate land space for potential expansion; Discharge location of wastewater must conform to regulations of law on managing water resources;

– In case wastewater treatment plans and wastewater treatment stations must be situated in headwaters or at the beginning of the prevailing wind of urban areas, environment separation distance under Schedule 2.23 must be multiplied by at least 1.5; 

– Area of land for new construction of wastewater treatment plans and wastewater treatment stations must be identified based on treatment capacity, technology or calculated based on selected and applied standards as long as the quota of 0.2 ha/1,000 m3/day is not exceeded.

NOTE: Criteria limiting land area for construction of wastewater treatment plans and wastewater treatment stations do not apply to area of reservoirs, reservoirs for stabilizing post-treatment wastewater, mud drying yards, area for potential expansion (if any) and area for environment separation distance of the wastewater treatment plans and wastewater treatment stations.

2.11.4 Environment separation distance

– Environment separation distance of new wastewater pumping stations, wastewater treatment plans and wastewater treatment stations is specified under Schedule 2.23;

Schedule 2.23: Environment separation distance

No.Type of structureMinimum environment separation distance (m) based on capacity
  < 200
(m3/day)
200 – 5.000
(m3/day)
5.000 – 50.000
(m3/day)
>50.000
(m3/day)
1Wastewater pumping stations15202530
2Wastewater treatment plants and stations    
aMud treatment structures in form of drying yards150200400500
bMud treatment structures in form of mechanical equipment100150300400
cTreatment structures utilizing mechanical, physicochemical and biological methods80100250350
dTreatment structures utilizing mechanical, physicochemical and biological methods constructed in an enclosed manner with odor collection and treatment10153040
eLand for underground wastewater filter200300
gLand for watering trees and agricultural land150200400
hBiological lakes200300400
iOxidation ditches150200400
NOTE: In case figures and other treatment technologies cannot be identified, environment separation distance must be identified via environmental impact assessment.

– With respect to wastewater pumping stations utilizing submerged pumps in cofferdams, environment separation distance is not required as long as ventilation ducts to release odors at ≥ 3 m height from the ground according to approved planning for that location;

– Install isolating trees around the new wastewater treatment plans and wastewater treatment stations at least ≥ 10 m in width;

– Within environment separation distance, may only plan for traffic roads, parking lots, power supply structures, solid waste transfer stations and other structures of wastewater pumping stations and wastewater treatment stations, do not construct other civil structures;

– Currently available wastewater pumping stations, wastewater treatment plans and wastewater treatment stations that fail to meet regulations on environment separation distance must conduct environmental impact assessment to adopt additional environmental hygiene measures as per the law.

2.12 Requirements for collection, transportation and treatment of solid wastes

2.12.1 Amount of solid wastes produced

Amount of solid wastes produced from daily activities shall be predicted based on series of figures on current conditions and level of convenience of urban areas and residence areas. In case of utilizing standards, do not exceed values under Schedule 2.24;

Schedule 2.24: Amount of solid wastes produced from daily activities

Type of urban areaAmount of solid wastes produced (kg/person/day)
Special, I1.3
II1.0
III,IV0.9
V08

– Amount of industrial solid wastes produced shall be determined based on technology line of each industry as long as a minimum of 0.3 tonne/ha of land based on the scale of industrial parks is guaranteed;

– Amount of medical and construction solid wastes and sewage sludge shall be estimated based on series of figures on current conditions of waste production or projects and urban areas with similar conditions.

2.12.2 Transfer stations for domestic solid wastes

– Non-fixed transfer stations for domestic solid wastes must ensure their up-time does not exceed 45 minutes/shift and 3 hours/day; Situation of non-fixed transfer stations for domestic solid wastes must ensure that their operations do not affect traffic and environment in the area;

– Newly planned fixed transfer stations for domestic solid wastes must have surrounding walls, roofs wastewater collection and treatment systems, odor filtering and deodorizing systems in order to not disperse pollutants to surrounding environment; Fixed transfer stations for domestic solid wastes must be able to receive and transfer all domestic solid wastes within collection radius to concentrated treatment plants in no more than 2 full days;

– Type and scale of transfer stations for domestic solid wastes are specified under Schedule 2.25.

Schedule 2.25: Type and scale of transfer stations for domestic solid wastes

Type and scale and transfer stationsCapacity (tonne/24 hours)Maximum service radius (km)Minimum area (m2)
Non-fixed transfer stations
Small< 50.520
Medium5 – 101.035
Large> 107.050
Fixed transfer stations
Small< 10010500
Medium100 – 500153,000
Large> 500305,000

2.12.3 Solid waste treatment facilities

– Solid waste treatment facilities must be planned to be situated outside of urban areas; Restrict planning for solid waste treatment facilities in regularly flooded areas, karst and areas with tectonic fractures; Do not plan for unhygienic solid waste landfills;

– Current unhygienic solid waste landfills must be closed, resettled or upgraded into hygienic solid waste landfills, solid waste treatment facilities utilizing biological methods, solid waste incineration facilities, etc. if environment separation distance under Section 2.12.4 is guaranteed;

– Area of land for new construction of solid waste treatment facilities must be identified based on treatment capacity, technology or calculated based on selected and applied standards as long as the quota of 0.05 ha/1,000 tonne/year is not exceeded.

NOTE: Criteria limiting area of land for construction of solid waste treatment facilities do not include landfills for post-treatment wastes, area of land for potential expansion (if any) and environment separation distance of the solid waste treatment facilities.

2.12.4 Environment separation distance of transfer stations for solid wastes and solid waste treatment facilities

– Non-fixed transfer stations for solid wastes must be situated at least 20 m away from houses and regularly crowded areas;

– Buildings and structures containing solid waste transfer, compression and storage lines and garbage leak disposal facilities and equipment of fixed transfer stations for solid wastes must have environment separation distance of at least 20 m;

– Hygienic solid waste landfills that include organic solid wastes must ensure a minimum environment separation distance of 1,000 m;

– Solid waste landfills for inorganic solid wastes must ensure a minimum environment separation distance of 100 m;

– Buildings, structures containing biological solid waste treatment lines and buildings, structures containing solid waste incineration facilities must ensure a minimum environment separation distance of 500 m;

– Environment separation distance of hazardous solid waste and sewage sludge treatment facilities shall be determined based on environmental impact assessment but must be at least equal to the values applied to regular solid waste treatment facilities; In case sewage sludge is treated in wastewater treatment stations, apply regulations on wastewater treatment stations simultaneously;

– Install trees around newly planned transfer stations for solid wastes with at least 10 m in width and around newly planned solid waste treatment facilities with at least 20 m in width;

– If solid waste treatment facilities must be positioned headwaters or at the beginning of the prevailing wind of urban areas, environment separation distance of the facilities must be multiplied by at least 1.5;

– Currently available transfer stations for solid wastes and solid waste treatment facilities that fail to regulations above must conduct environmental impact assessment to adopt additional environmental hygiene measures as per the law when complying with regulations on environment separation distance;

– Within environment separation distance of treatment facilities affiliated to fixed transfer stations for solid wastes, solid waste treatment facilities may only plan for traffic, irrigation structures, electricity stations, power lines, water drainage plants, wastewater treatment plants and other structures affiliated to fixed transfer stations for solid wastes and solid waste treatment facilities and do not situate other civil structures.

2.13 Requirements for funeral parlours, cemeteries and crematoriums

2.13.1 Funeral parlours

– Each urban area must have at least 1 funeral parlour. Each funeral parlour shall serve up to 250,000 inhabitants;

– Planning for location of funeral parlour must not affect operation of other functional areas and traffic activities; Funeral parlours must adopt soundproofing measures satisfactory to regulations on noises in public areas and residence areas;

– Area of a funeral parlour shall be determined based on local funeral procedures and customs as long as a minimum of 4 funerals/day.

2.13.2 Cemeteries and crematoriums

– Land demand for cemeteries (excluding martyr cemeteries) and scale of crematoriums shall be predicted based on mortality rate and methods of final disposition; Scale and area of concentrated cemeteries must ensure a minimum limit of 0.04 ha/1,000 inhabitants;

– Planning for location of new cemeteries and crematoriums must not negatively affect operation of other functional areas and traffic activities; Planning for cemeteries must take into account local final disposition customs and traditions as long as environmental, effective and economical land use requirements are guaranteed;

– Planning for cemeteries must be able to identify current cemeteries that need to be resettled, closed or upgraded as well as the land fund for resettlement; Currently available cemeteries and crematoriums that fail to regulations above must conduct environmental impact assessment to adopt additional environmental hygiene measures as per the law when complying with regulations on environment separation distance;

– Environment separation distance of new cemeteries and crematoriums must conform simultaneously to Schedule 2.26 and regulations on protected areas for water collection location and water supply structures under 2.10.1;

– In special cases, if a crematorium is situated at the beginning of the prevailing wind of the urban area or a cemetery is situated in headwaters, environment separation distance of structures within crematoriums and cemeteries must be multiplied by at least 1.5;

– Install trees around new cemeteries and crematoriums with a minimum width of 10 m;

– Within environment separation distance of structures affiliated to cemeteries and crematoriums may implement agricultural and forestry activities, plan for traffic and irrigation structures, power, fuel, gas supply and transmission structures, water drainage systems, wastewater treatment systems and other structures affiliated to the cemeteries and crematoriums, do not situate other civil structures;

– In addition, cemeteries and crematoriums must conform to QCVN 07-10:2016/BXD.

Schedule 2.26: Environment separation distance of cemeteries

Location to be isolatedMinimum distance from location to be isolated
Graveyards for primary burialsGraveyards for single burialsGraveyard for secondary burialsBuildings and structures containing incinerators and corpses prior to incineration
Houses in urban areas and concentrated rural residence areas1,000 m500 m100 m500 m
Water collection location serving daily activities of urban areas and concentrated rural residence areas1,500 m1,000m
Railway, National highways and provincial roads200 m200 m200 m
Rivers and lakes (including those not for daily activities)300 m300 m100 m
NOTE 1: Burial grounds must install water collection systems to collect water seeping through graveyards and overflown rainwater for treatment and to prevent them from directly seep into groundwater or flow to water surface outside of cemeteries. NOTE 2: Incineration technology must satisfy environment requirements under QCVN 02:2012/BTNMT.
2.14 Requirements for power supply

2.14.1 Power supply quotas

– Minimum quotas for civil power supply are specified under Schedule 2.27, Schedule 2.28 and Schedule 2.29;

– Minimum quota for industrial power supply is specified under Schedule 2.30

Schedule 2.27: Power supply for domestic purposes (by person)

QuotaThe first stageThe long-term
Special urban areasType I urban areasType II and III urban areasType IV – V urban areasSpecial urban areasType I urban areasType II and III urban areasType IV – V urban areas
1. Power (KWh/person/year)140011007504002400210015001000
2. Load (W/person)500450300200800700500330

Schedule 2.28: Power supply for public and service structures (by percentage)

Type of urban areaSpecial urban areasType I urban areasType II and III urban areasType IV – V urban areas
Power for public structures (based on percentage of power load for domestic purposes)50403530

Schedule 2.29: Power supply for public and service structures

StructuresPower supply quotas
1. Offices 
– Without air conditioners20 W/m2 of floor area
– With air conditioners30 W/m2 of floor area
2. Schools 
– Preschools and kindergartens 
+ Without air conditioners0.15 kW/child
+ With air conditioners0,2 kW/child
– Formal schools 
+ Without air conditioners0.1 kW/student
+ With air conditioners0,15 kW/student
– Higher education institutions 
+ Without air conditioners15 W/m2 of floor area
+ With air conditioners25 W/m2 of floor area
3. Stores, supermarkets, markets, shopping malls and service centers 
+ Without air conditioners20 W/m2 of floor area
+ With air conditioners30 W/m2 of floor area
4. Motels and hotels 
– 1 star motels and hotels2 kW/bed
– 2 – 3 star hotels2.5 kW/bed
– 4 – 5 star hotels3.5 kW/bed
5. Medical treatment and examination facilities 
– National hospitals2.5 kW/patient bed
– Provincial and city hospitals2 kW/patient bed
– District hospitals1.5 kW/patient bed
6. Theaters, cinemas and circuses 
– With air conditioners25 W/m2
7. Public lighting 
– Street lighting1 W/m2
– Park and flower garden lighting0.5 W/m2
NOTE 1: Other public – service structures may propose quotas based on level of convenience and techno-economic facts; NOTE 2: Estimated power use quotas must ensure electricity efficiency according to QCVN 09:2017/BXD on “Structures that utilize electricity efficiently”

Schedule 2.30: Power supply for industrial facilities and warehouses

Industrial purposesQuota (kW/ha)
1. Heavy industry (cast iron casting, steel casting, automobile manufacture, milling machine manufacturing, petroleum, chemical and fertilizer industries) cement production350
2. Other construction material industries, mechanical engineering250
3. Food processing industry, electrical and computer component industry and textile industry200
4. Leather footwear industry and apparel industry160
5. Small industrial cluster and small industries140
6. Handicraft facilities120
7. warehouses50

2.14.2 Power supply systems

– Planning must meet use demands and credibility regarding power supply;

– Do not plan new 500 KV power lines going across inner parts of urban areas. If such power lines must travel across inner sections of urban areas must have adequate safety corridors for 500 KV electrical grids. High voltage electrical grids of 110 KV and 220 KV traveling in inner sections of type II to special urban areas must be planned for underground travel;

– Within inner sections of urban areas, new low voltage and lighting power lines must be planned to travel underground, current low voltage and lighting power lines must be renovated in order to travel underground;

– In addition, power  supply structures must conform to QCVN 07-5:2016/BXD.

2.14.3 Land fund for structures

– For a 110 kV station, no more than 1 ha/station;

– For a 220 kV station, no more than 5 ha/station.

2.15 Requirements for underground technical infrastructures

Minimum distance between urban underground technical infrastructures that are not situated within utility tunnels or trenches shall be determined based on specialized technical standards selected and applied. Other cases shall apply as specified under Schedule 2.31;

Schedule 2.31: Minimum distance between urban underground technical infrastructures that are not situated within utility tunnels or trenches (m)

Type of pipelineWater supply pipelineWastewater drainage pipelineRainwater drainage pipelineElectrical cablesCommunication cablesWater drainage channels, utility tunnels and trenches
Horizontal distance
Water supply pipeline0.51.00.50.50.51.5
Wastewater drainage pipeline10.40.40.50.51.0
Rainwater drainage pipeline0.50.40.40.50.51.0
Electrical cables0.50.50.50.10.52.0
Communication cables0.50.50.50.51.0
Water drainage channels, utility tunnels and trenches1.51.01.02.01
Vertical distance
Water supply pipeline1.00.50.50.5
Wastewater drainage pipeline1.00.40.50.5
Rainwater drainage pipeline0.50.40.50.5
Electrical cables0.50.50.50.10.5
Communication cables0.50.50.50.5

– In case a water supply pipeline for domestic purposes is parallel to a wastewater drainage pipeline, distance between the 2 pipelines must not be less than 1.5 m and if diameter of the water supply pipeline is at least 200 mm, such distance must not be less than 3 m;

– Distance between water supply pipelines with diameter greater than 300 mm and communication cables must not be less than 1 m;

– In case 2 water supply pipelines is parallel to each other, distance between the 2 must not be less than 0.7 m if the diameter is less than 400 mm; not less than 1 m if the diameter ranges from 400 – 1000 mm; not less than 1.5 m if the diameter exceeds 1000 mm. Distance between pipelines with different pressures is treated as distance between water supply pipelines;

– Minimum distance between technical wires and pipelines are situated within utility tunnels or trenches shall be determined based on specialized technical standards selected and applied;

– Distance and requirements for spatial and technical infrastructure connection between underground structures must be based on techno-economic assessment;

– In addition, regulations on utility tunnels and trenches must conform to QCVN 07-3:2016/BXD.

2.16 Requirements for construction planning in rural areas

2.16.1 Regulations for plot for construction

– Have guaranteed natural conditions (terrain, geology, hydrograph, climate, etc.) and advantageous in terms of economy, society, technical infrastructure and environment;

– Requirements for preventing natural disasters and adapting to climate change: do not build in areas with potential of dangerous geological accidents, areas regularly suffering from flood, inundation, flash floods; in case of the Mekong Delta region, coastal areas and estuary areas, take into account the risen sea level;

– Not within areas determined for mine extraction, natural preservation or archeological sites; untreated environmental pollution sites;

– Restrict the use of farmland, especially high yield farmland, utilize hills, mountains and land with poor yield to construct and expand rural residence areas.

2.16.2 Regulations on land use quotas

Construction land for rural residence areas must meet specific local conditions must not be smaller than specified under Schedule 2.32.

Schedule 2.32: Minimum land use quotas for rural residence areas

Type of landLand use quota (m2/person)
Land for house construction25
Land for service and public structures5
Land for traffic and technical infrastructures5
Public trees2
NOTE: Do not include land for construction of national, provincial or district structures.

2.16.3 Functional areas of communes

– Residence areas (consisting of plot for family residence and auxiliary structures in communes and hamlets);

– Central areas (administration, service – commerce, culture – sports);

– Manufacturing structures and manufacture auxiliary structures;

– Technical infrastructures;

– Social infrastructures;

– Industrial clusters and small handicrafts (if any);

– Areas for agricultural, forestry, fishery manufacturing and other purposes.

2.16.4 Requirements for functional areas

– Use land efficiently and use infrastructures effectively;

– Convenient for traffic, manufacture and daily activities;

– Protect the environment; prevent natural disasters and adapt to climate change;

– Utilize natural terrain and scenery;

– Suit cultural characteristics of each region;

– Suit specific local conditions in terms of residence customs, manufacturing customs and economic development level and capacity, etc.

2.16.5 Regulations for residence areas

2.16.5.1 Land for construction of residence areas must:

– Inherit current distribution of population and match planning for population distribution of the larger and related areas;

– Develop a certain amount of population according to the estimation which is convenient for essential public structures such as kindergartens, formal schools, service facilities, etc.;

– Conform to land, terrain, be able to rely on terrain and natural landmarks such as roads, lakes, channels, mountains and land strips in order to determine the border

2.16.5.2 Basic functions for a household plot include:

–  Primary housing structures;

– Auxiliary structures;

– Yards, gardens, ponds.

2.16.5.3 Requirements for household plot

– Ensure reasonable distribution and conformance to general conditions and scenery;

– Manufacturing and husbandry structures in household plots must install technical systems for collecting and disposing wastes conforming to environmental hygiene.

2.16.6 Regulations on centers of communes

2.16.6.1 Situate following structures in centers of communes:

– Head offices of People’s Councils, People’s Committees, Communist Party Committees, police, unions and associations;

– Public structures of communes: culture houses, clubs, tradition houses, libraries, kindergartens, preschools, primary schools, lower secondary schools, medical stations of communes, cultural centers, sports courts, markets, central service stores and post and telecommunication locations;

– Communes with at least 20,000 people must plan for upper secondary schools.

2.16.6.2 Head offices of agencies of communes

– Head offices of agencies of communes must be situated in a concentrated manner to facilitate trading and land efficiency;

– Total land area for head offices of agencies of communes must be at least 1000 m2;

– Estimated use area for each head office shall be regulated as follows: no more than 500 m2 for plains and midlands; no more than 400 m2 for mountainous regions and islands.

2.16.6.3 Public and service structures

Schedule 2.33: Minimum scale of service – public structures

Type of structureMinimum structure use criteriaMinimum land use criteriaMaximum service radius
1. Education
a. Preschools50 units/1000 population12 m2/unit 
– Plains:1 km
– Mountainous regions, highlands and rural areas:2 km
b. Primary schools65 units/1000 population10 m2/unit 
– Plains:1 km
– Mountainous regions, highlands and rural areas:2 km
c. Secondary schools55 units/1000 population10 m2/unit 
2. Medical
Medical stations of communes1 station/commune  
– Without medicinal herb gardens500 m2/station
– With medicinal herb gardens1000 m2/station
3. Public culture and sports (1)
a. Cultural house 1000 m2/structure 
b. Tradition rooms 200 m2/structure 
c. Libraries 200 m2/structure 
d. Halls 100 seats/structure 
e. Compounds of sports structures and courts 5000 m2/compound 
4. Markets and service stores (2)
a. Markets1 market/commune1,500 m2 
b. Central service stores1 structure/central area300 m2 
5. Post and telecommunication service locations
Post and telecommunication (including internet access) service locations1 location/commune150 m2/location 
NOTE 1: Public cultural and sport work items must be integrated in the same structure to ensure effective utilization; NOTE 2: Depending on local conditions, may situate in communes or joint communes.

2.16.7 Regulations on husbandry, manufacturing and agricultural production areas

– Areas for husbandry and production and environment separation distance. Distance from a house to a husbandry, production facility or plant protection chemical storage must be greater than 200 m;

– Production areas must be situated near main roads or roads connecting multiple hamlets or communes with easy lead to paddy fields and residence areas and at the end of the prevailing wind and at the end of water sources;

– Structures serving production such as agricultural product storage, rice and maize breed storage, chemical fertilizer and pesticide storage, agricultural tool storage, husking facilities, agricultural tool repair workshop, etc. must be conveniently connected with paddy roads. Distance from a chemical fertilizer storage to a residence area must not be less than 100 m.

2.16.8 Regulations on small handicraft manufacturing facilities and concentrated industrial compounds

– Small handicraft manufacturing facilities that do not cause environment pollution may be situated in residence areas, specifically, in a secondary building of each household;

– Manufacturing facilities that negatively affect the environment must be situated in clusters, outside of residence areas and near roads;

– Environment separation distance of small handicraft manufacturing facilities and concentrated industrial compounds must conform to Section 2.5.2 similar to industrial parks and storage.

2.16.9 Regulations on trees

– Situate public trees in central areas, historical and religious cultural sites;

– Cooperate with planting protective tree lines outside of paddies, trees for sand protection in coastal areas, trees for preventing erosion to create tree systems in communes;

– Do not plant trees that produce toxic sap, fruits that attract insects or thorns in medical stations, schools, kindergartens, preschools; plant tall trees that produce shade and cleanse the air;

– Plant trees in separation distance of industrial compounds.

2.16.10 Regulations on petrol filling stations and gas supply structures

– Petrol filling stations shall conform to Section 2.6.11;

–  Gas supply structures shall conform to Section 2.6.12.

2.16.11 Regulations on ground elevation and surface water discharge

2.16.11.1 Natural disaster prevention

– Regarding currently available rural residence areas, adopt protective measures to guide flash floods away from the areas or resettle if necessary;

– Planning for rural residence areas must be integrated with planning for irrigation and flood discharge systems;

– If the floor is to be filled up, floor elevation must be at least 0.3 m higher than the maximum annual flood level;

– Regarding rural residence areas regularly affected by natural disasters, prepare emergency evacuation location and utilize public structures as refuge from storms and floods;

– Planning for rural residence areas must prioritize protecting natural water sources (rivers, lakes, ponds) to serve fire fighting. Traffic infrastructure systems must facilitate fire fighting operations.

2.16.11.2 Ground level elevation

– Level the ground surface of land for construction (houses, buildings, public structures, manufacturing facilities and roads). Remaining parts of land shall retain their natural conditions;

– Utilize natural conditions and limit amount of soil to be leveled and dug; protect perennial plants and rich soil.

2.16.11.3 Surface water discharge system

– Regarding streams and rivers that flow through residence areas, renovate and fortify banks to prevent erosion;

– Regarding residence areas that are situated on sides of hills or mountains, install canals to collect water from the top of the hills and mountains in order to not flow through the residence areas.

2.16.12 Regulations on traffic

– Meet current and long-term traffic demands and connect with district and provincial roads; Utilize systems of canals and rivers to organize waterway systems serving passenger and cargo transportation;

– Suit geography, minimize amount of work and structures to be constructed along the route;

– Structure and width of road surface must conform to specific local conditions, serve mechanizing agricultural operations and suit the means of transportation;

– Rural road systems must meet technical requirements regulated by Ministry of Transport.

2.16.13 Regulations on water supply

2.16.13.1 Water supply quotas

– Water for daily activities: In case water is supplied to households, ensure a minimum of 60 liters/person/24 hours; In case water is supplied to public water collection location, ensure a minimum of 40 liters/person/24 hours;

– Water for small handicrafts in households must equal at least 8% of water for daily activities;

– Water for concentrated industrial compounds shall conform to Section 2.10.

2.16.13.2 Protected areas of public water sources

– Regarding groundwater sources: within 20 m from a well, do not construct any structure that pollutes the water sources;

– Regarding surface water sources: within 200 m to the upper course from the water collection location and 100 m to the lower course from the water collection location, do not construct any structure that pollutes the water sources.

2.16.14 Regulations on power supply and public lighting

2.16.14.1 General requirements

– Ensure adequate power supply for families and manufacturing demands;

– Regarding areas that are not powered from the national electrical grid, plan for other power sources namely small hydropower, solar power and wind power;

– Power supply systems must be safe to use and compliant with fire protection.

2.16.14.2 Electrical load

– Electricity demand for daily activities of rural residence areas must ensure a minimum of 150 W/person;

– Electricity demand for public structures must be 15% greater than electricity demand for daily activities;

– Electricity demand for manufacturing must be calculated based on actual demand of each manufacturing facility.

2.16.14.3 Power supply and public lighting systems

– Low voltage power stations must be positioned in the center of electrical load or close to the highest electrical load in a manner that is convenient for wiring, not interfering with roads extensively, not obstructing or endangering manufacturing and daily activities;

– Medium and low voltage power grids must restrict from crossing ponds, lakes, swamps, high mountains, primary roads and industrial manufacturing areas;

– Public lighting: at least 50% of roads in centers of communes must be lit;

– Separation distance from power supply systems to structure must conform to regulations on safety techniques of rural low voltage electrical grid;

– Low voltage power stations, medium and high voltage electrical grids must ensure safety corridors and clearance according to QCVN QTĐ 8:2010/BCT and applicable regulations of power sector.

2.16.15 Regulations on wastewater discharge

– Install domestic wastewater collection and treatment systems satisfactory to environmental requirements. Wastewater from households must be treated by septic tanks before being released into common water drainage systems. Do not release wastewater into natural ponds, channels and canals in case biological wastewater treating technology is adopted in natural conditions;

– Wastewater from industrial clusters, industrial manufacturing facilities and craft villages must be collected by separate drainage systems and treated satisfactory to water environment requirements prior to being released to receiving waters;

– Must be able to collect 80% of total wastewater produced for treatment. With respect to mountainous regions, highlands and rural areas, may reduce to at least 60% of total wastewater water produced.

2.16.16 Regulations on solid waste management

– Domestic and manufacturing solid wastes must be collected and treated in concentrated treatment facilities;

– Allocate rendezvous and transfer stations suitable with local solid waste collection conditions and ensure service radius. Solid waste rendezvous and transfer stations must meet environmental hygiene requirements;

– Install restrooms which are satisfactory to standards and not releasing stool directly to ponds, lakes or fish farm;

– Livestock barns must be at least 5 m away from houses and common roads and covered by trees. Stool and urine from husbandry farms must be collected and treated hygienically;

– Environment separation distance of rendezvous must be at least 20 m; Environment separation distance of transfer stations for solid wastes and solid waste treatment facilities must conform to Section 2.12.4.

2.16.17 Regulations on cemeteries

– Areas planned for cemeteries must suit capacity of land fund; Conform to population organization and connect with technical infrastructures; Meet current and long-term infrastructure demand;

– Scale and area of concentrated cemeteries must ensure a minimum limit of 0.04 ha/1,000 inhabitants;

– Environment separation distance of new cemeteries must conform to Schedule 2.26.

3. REGULATIONS ON MANAGEMENT

3.1 These regulations prescribe limits of technical properties and management requirements that must be complied with in construction planning, serve as tools to enable construction planning regulatory agencies to inspect and supervise selection of quotas, technical specification and design requirements in urban planning schemes, urban design schemes and urban planning and architecture management regulations.

3.2 Selection of quotas, technical specification and design requirements in urban planning schemes, urban design schemes, and urban planning and architecture management regulations must be based on standards selected and applied or other scientific methods as long as compliance with these Regulations is guaranteed.

3.3 Urban management must be based on planning schemes (general planning, division planning and detailed planning), urban design schemes, and urban planning and architecture management regulations.

3.4 Transitional conditions

– Construction planning schemes approved prior to the effective date of these Regulations and compliant with QCXDVN 01:2008 and QCVN 14:2009/BXD shall comply with decisions on approval until the expiry date of the planning. In case revisions are required after the effective date of these Regulations, comply with these Regulations;

– Construction planning schemes appraised by competent authorities prior to the effective date of these Regulations and compliant with QCXDVN 01:2008 and QCVN 14:2009/BXD and effective higher level planning shall by approved and implemented throughout the planning period; In case revisions are required after the effective date of these Regulations, comply with these Regulations;

– Construction planning schemes that have not been appraised by competent agencies after the effective date of these Regulations must be reviewed and revised to satisfy these Regulations and higher level planning prior to being approved;

– Local regulations, national standards, local standards, regulations on planning and architecture management and other legislative documents related to construction planning that are issued prior to the effective date of these Regulations and containing clauses contradictory to these Regulations must be reviewed and revised according to these Regulations.

4. RESPONSIBILITIES OF ORGANIZATIONS AND INDIVIDUALS

4.1 All organizations and individuals that participate in affairs related to construction planning operations including preparing, appraising, approving, revising, implementing plans, managing development according to approved planning and development of national and local standards  in construction planning must comply with these Regulations.

4.2 Regulatory agencies in construction planning and construction operations in administrative divisions are responsible for examining compliance with these Regulations in preparing, appraising, approving and managing construction planning.

4.3 Difficulties that arise during the implementation of these Regulations should be submitted to Department of Science Technology and Environment (Ministry of Construction).

5. IMPLEMENTATION ORGANIZATION

5.1 Ministry of Construction is responsible for publicizing and providing guidelines on implementation of these Regulations for relevant entities.

5.2 Local regulatory construction agencies are responsible for examining compliance with these Regulations in preparing, appraising, approving and managing construction of apartments and mixed-use apartments within their competence.